OMIA:000091-9823 : Atrophic rhinitis in Sus scrofa (pig)

In other species: taurine cattle

Categories: Respiratory system phene

Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown

Considered a defect: yes

Species-specific description: A disease of young pigs, resulting in permanent deformities of the facial and turbinate bones. At one time, it was thought that no infectious agent was involved, hence this entry. However, it is now known that the disorder is caused by Pasteurella multocida, serotype D, and Bordetella bronchiseptica. Resistance to atrophic rhinitis is multifactorial, with heritability of the order of 20%, and negligible phenotypic and genetic correlation with production traits (Lundeheim, 1979).

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2005). OMIA:000091-9823: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2005 Donko, T., Kovacs, M., Magyar, T. :
Association of growth performance with atrophic rhinitis and pneumonia detected at slaughter in a conventional pig herd in Hungary. Acta Vet Hung 53:287-98, 2005. Pubmed reference: 16156124. DOI: 10.1556/AVet.53.2005.3.2.
2001 Kaden, V., Teifke, J.P., Polster, U. :
Progressive atrophic rhinitis - a rare disease in wild boar Zeitschrift fur Jagdwissenschaft 47:17-25, 2001.
Schoss, P. :
A retrospective view of research on atrophic rhinitis over the last 35 years Tierarztliche Umschau 56:314-316, 2001.
2000 Wabacha, J.K., Maribei, J.M., Thaiya, A.G., Munyua, S.J.M., Karanja, D.N., Njoroge, E.M. :
Progressive atrophic rhinitis in a medium-scale pig farm in Kiambu, Kenya Journal of the South African Veterinary Medical Association 71:122-124, 2000.
1997 Sakano, T., Okada, M., Taneda, A., Mukai, T., Sato, S. :
Effect of bordetella bronchiseptica and serotype d pasteurella multocida bacterin-toxoid on the occurrence of atrophic rhinitis after experimental infection with b-bronchiseptica and toxigenic type a p-multocida Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 59:55-57, 1997. Pubmed reference: 9035080.
Wernertutschku, M., Schuh, M., Awadmasalmeh, M., Krassnig, G., Schweighardt, H., Truschner, K. :
Clinical as well as microbiological examinations of atrophic rhinitis of upper Austrian swine-herds [German] Deutsche Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 104:344-349, 1997. Pubmed reference: 9410721.
1996 Alt, M., Meyer, K. :
Experiences with bacteriological and serological methods for controlling progressive atrophic rhinitis [German] Praktische Tierarzt 77:50-53, 1996.
Barcenas, G., Rosales, M.E., Montaraz, J.A. :
Comparison of the humoral immune responses of pigs with atrophic rhinitis and pigs vaccinated with bordetella bronchiseptica Indian Veterinary Journal 73:818-821, 1996.
Gatlin, C.L., Jordan, W.H., Shryock, T.R., Smith, W.C. :
The quantitation of turbinate atrophy in pigs to measure the severity of induced atrophic rhinitis Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research - Revue Canadienne de Recherche Veterinaire 60:121-126, 1996. Pubmed reference: 8785717.
1995 Vandiemen, P.M., Schrama, J.W., Vanderhel, W., Verstegen, M.W.A., Noordhuizen, J.P.T.M. :
Effects of atrophic rhinitis and climatic environment on the performance of pigs Livestock Production Science 43:275-284, 1995.
1994 Mccaw, M.B. :
Management techniques for atrophic rhinitis control Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian 16:1615-1618, 1994.
Vandiemen, P.M., Dejong, M.F., Reilingh, G.D., Vanderhel, P., Schrama, J.W. :
Intranasal Administration of Pasteurella-Multocida Toxin in a Challenge-Exposure Model Used to Induce Subclinical Signs of Atrophic Rhinitis in Pigs American Journal of Veterinary Research 55:49-54, 1994. Pubmed reference: 8141495.
1993 Alt, M., Bechmann, G., Schoss, P. :
Comparison of EBL Cells and ELISA in Cultural and Serological Diagnosis of Atrophic Rhinitis in Pigs Deutsche Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 100:99-102, 1993. Pubmed reference: 8472645.
Brito, J.R.F., Piffer, I.A., Brito, M.A.V.P., Sobestiansky, J. :
Proposal of an Index for Screening and for Monitoring of Swine Atrophic Rhinitis Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira 28:533-537, 1993.
Diekman, M.A., Scheidt, A.B., Sutton, A.L., Green, M.L., Clapper, J.A., Kelly, D.T., Vanalstine, W.G. :
Growth and Reproductive Performance, During Exposure to Ammonia, of Gilts Afflicted with Pneumonia and Atrophic Rhinitis American Journal of Veterinary Research 54:2128-2131, 1993. Pubmed reference: 8116950.
Mendoza, S., Ciprian, A., Camacho, J., Montaraz, J.A. :
Comparison of Three Biological Assays for the Detection of Toxigenic Properties of Bordetella Bronchiseptica Associated with Atrophic Rhinitis Veterinary Microbiology 36:215-219, 1993. Pubmed reference: 8273270.
1992 Backstrom, L. :
Atrophic Rhinitis in Swine Agri - Practice 13:21-24, 1992.
Bowersock, T.L., Hooper, T., Pottenger, R. :
Use of ELISA to Detect Toxigenic Pasteurella multocida in Atrophic Rhinitis in Swine Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 4:419-422, 1992. Pubmed reference: 1457544.
Cowart, R.P., Boessen, C.R., Kliebenstein, J.B. :
Patterns Associated with Season and Facilities for Atrophic Rhinitis and Pneumonia in Slaughter Swine Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 200:190-193, 1992. Pubmed reference: 1559874.
Foged, N.T. :
Pasteurella Multocida Toxin - The Characterisation of the Toxin and Its Significance in the Diagnosis and Prevention of Progressive Atrophic Rhinitis in Pigs APMIS 100:1-5, 1992. Pubmed reference: 1536716.
Kabay, M.J., Mercy, A.R., Lloyd, J.M., Robertson, G.M. :
Vaccine Efficacy for Reducing Turbinate Atrophy and Improving Growth Rate in Piggeries with Endemic Atrophic Rhinitis Australian Veterinary Journal 69:101-103, 1992. Pubmed reference: 1627085.
Lariviere, S., Leblanc, L., Mittal, K.R., Martineau, G.P. :
Characterization of Pasteurella-Multocida from Nasal Cavities of Piglets from Farms with or Without Atrophic Rhinitis Journal of Clinical Microbiology 30:1398-1401, 1992. Pubmed reference: 1624554.
Schoss, P., Alt, M., Bechmann, G., Dahms, L. :
On the Aetiology and Differential Diagnosis of Porcine Atrophic Rhinitis Monatshefte Fur Veterinarmedizin 47:69-73, 1992.
1991 Ackermann, M.R., Rimler, R.B., Thurston, J.R. :
Experimental Model of Atrophic Rhinitis in Gnotobiotic Pigs Infection and Immunity 59:3626-3629, 1991. Pubmed reference: 1894365.
Bechmann, G., Schoss, P. :
Neutralizing Antibodies Against Pasteurella-Multocida Toxin in Sera of Pigs with Progressive Atrophic Rhinitis (PAR) Deutsche Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 98:310-312, 1991. Pubmed reference: 1935682.
Dejong, M.F. :
Atrophic Rhinitis AD 1991 Tijdschrift Voor Diergeneeskunde 116:1221-1230, 1991. Pubmed reference: 1750030.
Gardner, I.A., Eamens, G.J., Turner, M.J., Hornitzky, C.L. :
Toxigenic Type-D Pasteurella-Multocida and Progressive Atrophic Rhinitis in New-South-Wales Pig Herds Australian Veterinary Journal 68:364-365, 1991. Pubmed reference: 1776935.
Martineaudoize, B., Dumas, G., Larochelle, R., Frantz, J.C., Martineau, G.P. :
Atrophic Rhinitis Caused by Pasteurella-Multocida Type-D - Morphometric Analysis Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research - Revue Canadienne de Recherche Veterinaire 55:224-228, 1991. Pubmed reference: 1889032.
Martineaudoize, B., Trepanier, H., Martineau, G.P. :
Distribution of Atrophy in the Nasal Ventral Conchae of Piglets Infected Experimentally with Bordetella-Bronchiseptica Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research - Revue Canadienne de Recherche Veterinaire 55:229-233, 1991. Pubmed reference: 1889033.
Nielsen, J.P., Foged, N.T., Sorensen, V., Barfod, K., Bording, A., Petersen, S.K. :
Vaccination Against Progressive Atrophic Rhinitis with a Recombinant Pasteurella-Multocida Toxin Derivative Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research-Revue Canadienne de Recherche Veterinaire 55:128-138, 1991. Pubmed reference: 1832079.
1990 Chanter, N., Rutter, J.M. :
Colonisation by Pasteurella-Multocida in Atrophic Rhinitis of Pigs and Immunity to the Osteolytic Toxin Veterinary Microbiology 25:253-265, 1990. Pubmed reference: 2149226.
Dejong, M.F., Nielsen, J.P. :
Definition of Progressive Atrophic Rhinitis Veterinary Record 126:93, 1990. Pubmed reference: 2309397.
Frymus, T. :
Atrophic Rhinitis in Pigs and in Other Animal Species Deutsche Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 97:364-366, 1990. Pubmed reference: 2242733.
Goodwin, R.F.W., Chanter, N., Rutter, J.M. :
Screening Pig Herds for Toxigenic Pasteurella-Multocida and Turbinate Damage in a Health Scheme for Atrophic Rhinitis Veterinary Record 127:83-86, 1990. Pubmed reference: 2402861.
Goodwin, R.F.W., Chanter, N., Rutter, J.M. :
Detection and Distribution of Toxigenic Pasteurella-Multocida in Pig Herds with Different Degrees of Atrophic Rhinitis Veterinary Record 126:452-456, 1990. Pubmed reference: 2356600.
Grund, S., Schoss, P., Thiesen, B. :
Pasteurella Multocida (Type-D and Type-A) and Atrophic Rhinitis of Pigs - Hemagglutination, Fimbriae and Adhesion Invitro to Nasal Mucosa of Neonatal Pigs Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 103:365-371, 1990. Pubmed reference: 1980059.
Jensen, A.B. :
Atrophic Rhinitis - Immunologic Aspects of Natural Infection and Vaccination Praktische Tierarzt 71:23, 1990.
Jolie, R., Deroose, P., Tuyttens, N. :
Diagnosis of Atrophic Rhinitis by Computerised Tomography - A Preliminary Report Veterinary Record 126:591-594, 1990. Pubmed reference: 2382354.
Lax, A.J., Chanter, N. :
Cloning of the Toxin Gene from Pasteurella-Multocida and Its Role in Atrophic Rhinitis Journal of General Microbiology 136:81-87, 1990. Pubmed reference: 2351955.
Pejsak, Z., Hogg, A., Wasinska, B., Foreman, K. :
Comparison of 6 Different Regimens for the Control of Atrophic Rhinitis in Swine Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B-Zentralblatt Fur Veterinarmedizin Reihe B-Infectious Diseases Immunobiology Food Hygiene Public Health 37:593-598, 1990.
Pijoan, C., Trigo, F. :
Bacterial Adhesion to Mucosal Surfaces with Special Reference to Pasteurella-Multocida Isolates from Atrophic Rhinitis Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research-Revue Canadienne de Recherche Veterinaire 54:S16-S21, 1990. Pubmed reference: 2141799.
Robertson, J.F., Wilson, D., Smith, W.J. :
Atrophic Rhinitis - The Influence of the Aerial Environment Animal Production 50:173-182, 1990.
Scheidt, A.B., Mayrose, V.B., Hill, M.A., Clark, L.K., Cline, T.R., Knox, K.E., Runnels, L.J., Frantz, S., Einstein, M.E. :
Relationship of Growth Performance to Pneumonia and Atrophic Rhinitis Detected in Pigs at Slaughter Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 196:881-884, 1990. Pubmed reference: 2312386.
Siegmann, S., Keller, H. :
The Prevalence of Atrophic Rhinitis in Switzerland Tierarztliche Umschau 45:551-556, 1990.
1989 Schoss, P. :
Atrophic Rhinitis of Pigs - A Multifactorial Disease [German] Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 102:387-389, 1989. Pubmed reference: 2686620.
1987 Meeker, D.L., Rothschild, M.F., Christian, L.L., Warner, C.M., Hill, H.T. :
Genetic control of immune response to pseudorabies and atrophic rhinitis vaccines: 1. Heterosis, general combining ability and relationship to growth and backfat Journal of Animal Science 64:407-413, 1987. Pubmed reference: 3558146.
Meeker, D.L., Rothschild, M.F., Christian, L.L., Warner, C.M., Hill, H.T. :
Genetic control of immune response to pseudorabies and atrophic rhinitis vaccines: II: comparison of additive direct and maternal genetic effects Journal of Animal Science 64:414-419, 1987. Pubmed reference: 3558147.
1985 Gavrichenkov, A.I. :
[The genetics of atrophic rhinitis in pigs. 2. Cytogenetic investigation] Genetika, USSR 21:301-315, 1985.
1982 Romanov, Yu. D., Troshchenkova, L.V., Nikonchik, L.I. :
[The relationship of genetic markers in blood groups and polymorphic protein systems with susceptibility and resistance of pigs to infectious atrophic rhinitis] Nauchnye Osnovy Razvitiya Zhivotnovodstva v BSSR :8-12, 1982.
1981 Hodges, R.T. :
Atrophic rhinitis of pigs in New Zealand New Zealand Veterinary Journal 29:142-143, 1981. Pubmed reference: 6945523. DOI: 10.1080/00480169.1981.34825.
Rutter, J.M. :
Quantitative observations on bordetella bronchisceptica infection in atrophic rhinitis in pigs Veterinary Record 108:451-454, 1981. Pubmed reference: 7292916.
1979 Lundeheim, N. :
Genetic analysis of respiratory diseases in pigs Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica 29:209-215, 1979.
1976 Done, J.T. :
Snout radiography as an aid to the diagnosis and detection of atrophic rhinitis in pigs Veterinary Annual 16:93-97, 1976.
1975 Done, J.T. :
Infectious atrophic rhinitis of pigs: rational control of herd level Veterinary Annual 15:105-110, 1975.
1971 Seifert, H., Schonmuth, G., Nagel, E. :
Results of experimental studies on the effect of genetic factors in porcine atrophic rhinitis Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin 20:371-387, 1971.
1964 Gortz, P. :
[Snout malformations (rhinitis) in pigs at the permanent Pig Testing Stations] Beretning fra Forsogslaboratoriet :?, 1964.
1962 Brannang, E. :
[Inherited disposition for rhinitis] Svenska Svinavelsfoningens Tidskrift :40-41, 1962.
Schulz, L.C. :
[Atrophic rhinitis and arthrosis deformans of the pig in Chile] Zooiatria. Revista de Medicina Veterinaria y Produccion Pecuaria 4:41-44, 1962.
1961 Jonsson, P. :
[Investigations on snout malformations and their relationship to various important characters in pigs at the Pig Testing Stations] Afdelingen for forsogmed svin. Bilag til Landokonomisk Forsogslaboratoriums efterarsmode, Frederiksberg, Bogtrykkeri :229-236, 1961.
1959 Karatai, S.S. :
[The nature of deforming atrophic rhinitis in pigs] Svinovodstvo 13:28-31, 1959.
1958 Koch, W., Jochle, W., Kolb, K.H. :
Heredity in porcine atrophic rhinitis Deutsche Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 65:681-683, 1958.

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  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005