OMIA 000117-9031 : Blood group system A in Gallus gallus

In other species: turkey , pig , aoudad , cattle , goat , , sheep

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Mode of inheritance: Autosomal Co-Dominant

Considered a defect: no

Key variant known: no

Cross-species summary: Each blood group system consists of a set of blood types, each of which corresponds to a particular antigen (usually a glycoprotein) on the surface of red blood cells. The different types within a system are the result of the action of different alleles at a locus that usually encodes an enzyme that catalyses the creation of the feature of the glycoprotein unique to that type, e.g. the presence of a particular sugar at the end of a short chain of sugars.

Inheritance: Briles et al. (1959) confirmed the existence of four loci (blood group systems), namely A, B, D, and E, with some evidence of tight linkage between A and E.


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.
1997 Kopti, F., Briles, R.W., Briles, W.E. :
Immunogenetics of the A-E alloantigen complex. Poult Sci 76:1688-97, 1997. Pubmed reference: 9438283.
1990 Fulton, J.E., Briles, R.W., Lamont, S.J. :
Monoclonal antibody differentiates chicken A system alloantigens. Anim Genet 21:39-45, 1990. Pubmed reference: 2331078.
Fulton, J.E., Hall, V.J., Lamont, S.J. :
Ontogeny and expression of chicken A blood group antigens. Anim Genet 21:47-57, 1990. Pubmed reference: 2184702.
Fulton, J.E., Briles, W.E., Lamont, S.J. :
Chicken A blood groups system antigens: molecular characteristics and lack of expression on lymphocytes. Anim Genet 21:401-10, 1990. Pubmed reference: 2090011.
1989 Fulton, J.E., Lamont, S.J. :
Monoclonal antibody specific for chicken blood group A antigens. Prog Clin Biol Res 307:213-9, 1989. Pubmed reference: 2678137.
1984 Briles, W.E. :
Early chicken blood group investigations. Immunogenetics 20:217-26, 1984. Pubmed reference: 6088392.
1970 Seet, C.P., Briles, C.O. :
The association of the A, B and E parental blood group system genotypes with fertility and hatchability in chickens. Poult Sci 49:922-6, 1970. Pubmed reference: 5485484.
1959 Briles, C.O., McGibbon, W.H., Irwin, M.R. :
Additional Alleles Affecting Red Blood Cell Antigens in the Chicken. Genetics 44:955-65, 1959. Pubmed reference: 17247871.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 14 Oct 2011