OMIA:001222-9685 : Leber congenital amaurosis in Felis catus (domestic cat)

In other species: dog

Categories: Vision / eye phene

Links to possible relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) in OMIM: 204100 (trait) , 180069 (gene) , 613794 (trait) , 618697 (trait)

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: yes

Year key variant first reported: 2016

Cross-species summary: This disorder has been renamed in OMIA on the basis of the review by Miyadera et al. (2012). It is also known as retinal pigment epithelial dystrophy.

Inheritance: Rah et al. (2005) characterised an autosomal recessive form of this disorder in Persian cats, and established a breeding colony.

Mapping: To map this disorder, Alhaddad et al. (2014) genotyped each of 106 animals (comprising 37 affecteds and 69 controls) from a colony of Persian cats segregating the disorder (established by Rah et al., 2005) with the illumina Infinium Feline 63 K iSelect DNA array, yielding 47,907 informative SNPs. Using these data, they then conducted a genome-wide linkage analysis, and three GWAS, namely a transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) on 33 discordant trios, a TDT among sib-pairs on 33 discordant sibs, and a case-control association analysis on all 106 animals. All four analyses highlighted an ~ 1.75 Mb region on chromosome FCA E1. Haplotype analysis reduced this region to ~1.3 Mb. The authors noted that this region contains several potential comparative positional and functional candidate genes.

Molecular basis: Lyons et al. (2016): c.577C>T; a predicted p.Arg193*

Prevalence: As reported by Lyons et al. (2016): "Over 1700 cats from 40 different breeds and populations were genotyped for the AIPL1 variant, defining an allelic frequency in only Persian -related breeds of 1.15 %".

Associated gene:

Symbol Description Species Chr Location OMIA gene details page Other Links
AIPL1 aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein-like 1 Felis catus E1 NC_058381.1 (932811..970531) AIPL1 Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene


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WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.

Since October 2021, OMIA includes a semiautomated lift-over pipeline to facilitate updates of genomic positions to a recent reference genome position. These changes to genomic positions are not always reflected in the ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘verbal description’ fields in this table.

OMIA Variant ID Breed(s) Variant Phenotype Gene Allele Type of Variant Source of Genetic Variant Reference Sequence Chr. g. or m. c. or n. p. Verbal Description EVA ID Year Published PubMed ID(s) Acknowledgements
1214 Persian (Cat) Leber congenital amaurosis AIPL1 nonsense (stop-gain) Naturally occurring variant Felis_catus_9.0 E1 g.940445C>T c.577C>T p.(R193*) XM_023243858.1:c.577C>T 2016 27030474 The genomic location on Felis_catus_9.0 and transcript information is based on Rodney et al. 2021 (PMID: 33785770)

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2021). OMIA:001222-9685: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2021 Rodney, A.R., Buckley, R.M., Fulton, R.S., Fronick, C., Richmond, T., Helps, C.R., Pantke, P., Trent, D.J., Vernau, K.M., Munday, J.S., Lewin, A.C., Middleton, R., Lyons, L.A., Warren, W.C. :
A domestic cat whole exome sequencing resource for trait discovery. Sci Rep 11:7159, 2021. Pubmed reference: 33785770. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-86200-7.
2016 Lyons, L.A., Creighton, E.K., Alhaddad, H., Beale, H.C., Grahn, R.A., Rah, H., Maggs, D.J., Helps, C.R., Gandolfi, B. :
Whole genome sequencing in cats, identifies new models for blindness in AIPL1 and somite segmentation in HES7. BMC Genomics 17:265, 2016. Pubmed reference: 27030474. DOI: 10.1186/s12864-016-2595-4.
2014 Alhaddad, H., Gandolfi, B., Grahn, R.A., Rah, H.C., Peterson, C.B., Maggs, D.J., Good, K.L., Pedersen, N.C., Lyons, L.A. :
Genome-wide association and linkage analyses localize a progressive retinal atrophy locus in Persian cats. Mamm Genome 25:354-62, 2014. Pubmed reference: 24777202. DOI: 10.1007/s00335-014-9517-z.
2012 Miyadera, K., Acland, G.M., Aguirre, G.D. :
Genetic and phenotypic variations of inherited retinal diseases in dogs: the power of within- and across-breed studies. Mamm Genome 23:40-61, 2012. Pubmed reference: 22065099. DOI: 10.1007/s00335-011-9361-3.
2006 Rah, H., Maggs, DJ., Lyons, LA. :
Lack of genetic association among coat colors, progressive retinal atrophy and polycystic kidney disease in Persian cats. J Feline Med Surg 8:357-60, 2006. Pubmed reference: 16777456. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfms.2006.04.002.
2005 Rah, H., Maggs, DJ., Blankenship, TN., Narfstrom, K., Lyons, LA. :
Early-onset, autosomal recessive, progressive retinal atrophy in Persian cats. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:1742-7, 2005. Pubmed reference: 15851577. DOI: 10.1167/iovs.04-1019.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 02 Apr 2016
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 02 Apr 2016
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 16 Jun 2021