OMIA:002279-9615 : Ataxia, spinocerebellar, SLC12A6-related in Canis lupus familiaris (dog)

Categories: Nervous system phene

Links to possible relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) in OMIM: 218000 (trait) , 604878 (gene)

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Mode of inheritance: Autosomal recessive

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: yes

Year key variant first reported: 2019

Molecular basis: Van Poucke et al. (2019): "whole-exome sequencing identified the SLC12A6 NC_006612.3(XM_014109414.2): c.178_181delinsCATCTCACTCAT (p.(Met60Hisfs*14)) truncating variant. This loss-of-function variant perfectly segregated within the affected Malinois family in an autosomal recessive way and was not found in 562 additional reference dogs from 18 different breeds, including Malinois."

Clinical features: Van Poucke et al. (2019): "progressive spinocerebellar ataxia, which is the most important feature of the canine phenotype, hindlimb paresis, and myokymia-like muscle contractions"

Breed: Belgian Shepherd Dog, Malinois (Dog) (VBO_0200147).
Breeds in which the phene has been documented. (If a likely causal variant has been documented for the phene, see the variant table breeds in which the variant has been reported).

Associated gene:

Symbol Description Species Chr Location OMIA gene details page Other Links
SLC12A6 solute carrier family 12 (potassium/chloride transporter), member 6 Canis lupus familiaris 30 NC_051834.1 (868821..957072) SLC12A6 Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene


By default, variants are sorted chronologically by year of publication, to provide a historical perspective. Readers can re-sort on any column by clicking on the column header. Click it again to sort in a descending order. To create a multiple-field sort, hold down Shift while clicking on the second, third etc relevant column headers.

WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.

Since October 2021, OMIA includes a semiautomated lift-over pipeline to facilitate updates of genomic positions to a recent reference genome position. These changes to genomic positions are not always reflected in the ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘verbal description’ fields in this table.

OMIA Variant ID Breed(s) Variant Phenotype Gene Allele Type of Variant Source of Genetic Variant Reference Sequence Chr. g. or m. c. or n. p. Verbal Description EVA ID Year Published PubMed ID(s) Acknowledgements
1218 Belgian Shepherd Dog, Malinois (Dog) Ataxia, spinocerebellar, SLC12A6-related SLC12A6 delins, small (<=20) Naturally occurring variant CanFam3.1 30 g.774122_774125delinsCATCTCACTCAT c.178_181delinsCATCTCACTCAT p.(M60Hfs*14) XM_014109414.2; XP_013964889.1; 12-bp insertion (CATCTCACTCAT) and a 4-bp deletion (ATGA) 2019 31160700

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2020). OMIA:002279-9615: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2023 Stee, K., Van Poucke, M., Lowrie, M., Van Ham, L., Peelman, L., Olby, N., Bhatti, S.F.M. :
Phenotypic and genetic aspects of hereditary ataxia in dogs. J Vet Intern Med 37:1306-1322, 2023. Pubmed reference: 37341581. DOI: 10.1111/jvim.16742.
2019 Van Poucke, M., Stee, K., Sonck, L., Stock, E., Bosseler, L., Van Dorpe, J., Van Nieuwerburgh, F., Deforce, D., Peelman, L.J., Van Ham, L., Bhatti, S.F.M., Broeckx, B.J.G. :
Truncating SLC12A6 variants cause different clinical phenotypes in humans and dogs. Eur J Hum Genet 27:1561-1568, 2019. Pubmed reference: 31160700. DOI: 10.1038/s41431-019-0432-3.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 18 Jun 2020
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 18 Jun 2020