OMIA:001579-9913 : Ear size in Bos taurus (taurine cattle)

In other species: pig , sheep , woolly mammoth

Categories: Hearing / vestibular / ear phene

Links to possible relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) in OMIM: 600409 (gene) , 605186 (gene)

Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown

Considered a defect: no

Species-specific description: Shen et al. (2023) investigated ear size in Bos taurus, Bos indicus and hybrids. "Results showed that the ear size of breeds followed the order: Bos indicus > hybrid (Yunling) and Chinese indicine (Wenshan and Dabieshan cattle) cattle > Bos taurus ..."

Mapping: Shen et al. (2023) "performed a genome-wide association study on 158 cattle to explain the genetic mechanism of ear size. One region on BTA6 between 36.79 and 38.80 Mb included 50 suggestive SNPs and 4 significant SNPs that were significantly associated with ear size."

Molecular basis: Shen et al. (2023) "The most significant locus (P = 1.30 × 10-8) was a missense mutation (T250I) on the seventh exon of integrin-binding sialoprotein (IBSP), which had an allele substitution effect of 23.46 cm2 for ear size. ... A allele frequency of IBSP was lowest in South Asian indicine cattle (0.10), and the frequency was 0.47 in Chinese indicine cattle. However, the A frequency of IBSP was near or equal to 1 in East Asian, European, and Eurasian taurine cattle ... .To further evaluate the functional impact of the variants, we aligned the mutant IBSP protein with its ortholog proteins in Bovidae ... and other diverse vertebrates ... . The comparison revealed that T250 was a conserved amino acid mutation and varied among all the other animals we examined except Bos taurus (T250I), lesser mouse-deer (T250S), and white-lipped deer (T250A). ... These three mutant species had small ears, and this finding was consistent with our present hypothesis."

Associated gene:

Symbol Description Species Chr Location OMIA gene details page Other Links
IBSP integrin binding sialoprotein Bos taurus 6 NC_037333.1 (36893874..36879556) IBSP Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2023). OMIA:001579-9913: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


2023 Shen, J., Xia, X., Sun, L., Ma, X., Huang, B., Hanif, Q., Chen, N., Qu, K., Zhang, J., Chen, H., Jiang, Y., Lei, C. :
Genome-wide association study reveals that the IBSP locus affects ear size in cattle. Heredity (Edinb) 130:394-401, 2023. Pubmed reference: 37016135. DOI: 10.1038/s41437-023-00614-9.

Edit History

  • Created by Imke Tammen2 on 06 Apr 2023
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 06 Apr 2023