OMIA:000202-9689 : Coat colour, oculocutaneous albinism type I (OCA1), TYR-related in Panthera leo (lion)

In other species: Japanese medaka , dark-spotted frog , Japanese wrinkled frog , Tufted capuchin , Rhesus monkey , hamadryas baboon , dog , red fox , domestic ferret , domestic cat , humpback whale , ass (donkey) , pig , red deer , American bison , taurine cattle , rabbit , golden hamster , Mongolian gerbil , domestic guinea pig , Japanese ratsnake , water buffalo , four-striped grass mouse , ocelot gecko , American mink , Japanese raccoon dog , Rice frog

Categories: Pigmentation phene

Links to possible relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) in OMIM: 203100 (trait) , 606952 (trait) , 606933 (gene)

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Mode of inheritance: Autosomal recessive

Considered a defect: no

Key variant known: yes

Year key variant first reported: 2013

Cross-species summary: Congenital lack of pigment in most parts of the body. Due to a non-functional form of the enzyme tyrosinase. Also known as Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA), Acromelanism and as the Himalayan coat-colour pattern

Molecular basis: Cho et al. (2013) reported c.260G>A (p.Arg87Gln) as a likely causal variant for the "white lion" phenotype, reporting complete concordance of this variant with the genotyping results from "47 lions: 17 of white phenotype and 30 of wild phenotype, of which 11 were known to be carriers (heterozygotes) based on their pedigree, 14 of unknown genetic makeup, and 5 of wild phenotype from control populations where no white lions were found". FN thanks Corinne Benavides for alerting him to this discovery.

Associated gene:

Symbol Description Species Chr Location OMIA gene details page Other Links
TYR Panthera leo D1 NC_056688.1 (43705574..43593889) TYR Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene


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WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.

Since October 2021, OMIA includes a semiautomated lift-over pipeline to facilitate updates of genomic positions to a recent reference genome position. These changes to genomic positions are not always reflected in the ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘verbal description’ fields in this table.

OMIA Variant ID Breed(s) Variant Phenotype Gene Allele Type of Variant Source of Genetic Variant Reference Sequence Chr. g. or m. c. or n. p. Verbal Description EVA ID Year Published PubMed ID(s) Acknowledgements
1011 White lion TYR missense Naturally occurring variant c.260G>A p.(R87Q) 2013 24045858

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2018). OMIA:000202-9689: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


2013 Cho, Y.S., Hu, L., Hou, H., Lee, H., Xu, J., Kwon, S., Oh, S., Kim, H.M., Jho, S., Kim, S., Shin, Y.A., Kim, B.C., Kim, H., Kim, C.U., Luo, S.J., Johnson, W.E., Koepfli, K.P., Schmidt-Küntzel, A., Turner, J.A., Marker, L., Harper, C., Miller, S.M., Jacobs, W., Bertola, L.D., Kim, T.H., Lee, S., Zhou, Q., Jung, H.J., Xu, X., Gadhvi, P., Xu, P., Xiong, Y., Luo, Y., Pan, S., Gou, C., Chu, X., Zhang, J., Liu, S., He, J., Chen, Y., Yang, L., Yang, Y., He, J., Liu, S., Wang, J., Kim, C.H., Kwak, H., Kim, J.S., Hwang, S., Ko, J., Kim, C.B., Kim, S., Bayarlkhagva, D., Paek, W.K., Kim, S.J., O'Brien, S.J., Wang, J., Bhak, J. :
The tiger genome and comparative analysis with lion and snow leopard genomes. Nat Commun 4:2433, 2013. Pubmed reference: 24045858. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3433.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2018
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2018